International Journal of Advanced and Applied Sciences

Int. j. adv. appl. sci.

EISSN: 2313-3724

Print ISSN: 2313-626X

Volume 4, Issue 8  (August 2017), Pages:  104-111

Title: What derives lean manufacturing effectiveness: An interpretive structural model

Author(s):  TanChing NG 1, *, Morteza Ghobakhloo 2


1Department of Mechanical and Material Engineering, Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman, Selangor, Malaysia
2Department of Management and Economics, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran

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This research aims to model the processes through which manufacturing firms can increase the effectiveness of lean manufacturing practices. To achieve its objective this research benefits from the interactive structural modelling technique to first capture the opinions of lean experts and further map the interrelationships between determents of lean manufacturing effectiveness. Findings revealed that employees empowerment, employees involvement, implementation cost, teamwork, managerial leadership and support, awareness of latest lean information and information technology are key determinants of lean manufacturing effectiveness. Findings explain that the precedence relationships between the determining factors identified, and the order of their implementation is crucial to the achievement of highest degrees of lean manufacturing effectiveness. Utility of the proposed interpretive structural modelling methodology imposing order, direction and significance of the relationships among elements of lean manufacturing effectiveness are expected to offer considerable value to the decision makers and lean practitioners. 

© 2017 The Authors. Published by IASE.

This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (

Keywords: Lean manufacturing, Effectiveness, ISM

Article History: Received 17 April 2017, Received in revised form 13 July 2017, Accepted 14 July 2017

Digital Object Identifier:


NG T and Ghobakhloo M (2017). What derives lean manufacturing effectiveness: An interpretive structural model. International Journal of Advanced and Applied Sciences, 4(8): 104-111


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