International Journal of Advanced and Applied Sciences
Int. j. adv. appl. sci.
Print ISSN: 2313-626X
Volume 4, Issue 5 (May 2017), Pages: 78-85
Title: Health impact of river water pollution in Malaysia
Author(s): Rafia Afroz 1, *, Ataur Rahman 2
1Department of Economics, Faculty of Economics and Management Science, International Islamic University Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia
2Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, International Islamic University Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia
Full Text - PDF XML
Water pollution is a severe problem in Malaysia and has an adverse impact on the sustainability of water resources. Not only has that but also affected plants and living organisms, the health of the population and the economy. This study reviews the state of river water quality and sources of river water pollution in Malaysia. The Department of Environment program continued monitoring of the quality of river water in 2014 to determine the status of water quality of the river and to detect changes in water quality of the river. They found that 52% of the river was found to be clean, 39% slightly contaminated and 9% contaminated. The number of the polluted river is declined over the period of time. They also observed that beverage industries are the major source of pollution in this country. This paper reviews the environmental policy related to water pollution and studies related to water pollution and health impacts.
© 2017 The Authors. Published by IASE.
This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).
Keywords: River water pollution, Health impact, River water quality
Article History: Received 13 January 2017, Received in revised form 24 March 2017, Accepted 26 March 2017
Digital Object Identifier:
Afroz R and Rahman A (2017). Health impact of river water pollution in Malaysia. International Journal of Advanced and Applied Sciences, 4(5): 78-85
|Afroz R, Banna H, Masud, MM, Akhtar R, and Yahaya SR (2016). Household's perception of water pollution and its economic impact on human health in Malaysia. Desalination and Water Treatment, 57(1): 115-123.|
|Amirah MN, Afiza AS, Faizal WIW, Nurliyana MH, and Laili S (2013). Human health risk assessment of metal contamination through consumption of fish. Journal of Environment Pollution and Human Health, 1(1): 1-5.|
|Ashraf MA, Maah MJ, Yusoff I, and Mehmood K (2010). Effects of polluted water irrigation on environment and health of people in Jabber, District Kasur, Pakistan. International Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 10(3): 37-57.|
|Dabelko D and Aaron T (2004). Water, conflict, and cooperation. Environmental Change and Security Project Report, 10: 60-66.|
|Daud H (2009). Legislative approach to water quality management in Malaysia: Success and challenges. Department of Environment, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Available online at: www.doe.gov.my|
|DOE (2014). The study on pollution prevention and water quality improvement of Sg. Department of Environment Malaysia, Government of Malaysia, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, Melaka, Malaysia. Available online at: www.doe.gov.my|
|Gasim MB, Ismail Sahid ET, Pereira JJ, Mokhtar M, and Abdullah MP (2009). Integrated water resource management and pollution sources in Cameron Highlands, Pahang, Malaysia. American-Eurasian Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Science, 5(6): 725–732.|
|Ghafoor A, Rauf A, Arif M, and Muzaffar W (1994). Chemical composition of effluents from different industries of the Faisalabad city. Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 31(4): 367–370.|
|Jamaludin N, Sham SM, and Ismail SNS (2013). Health risk assessment of nitrate exposure in the well water of residents in the intensive agriculture area. American Journal of Applied Sciences, 10(5): 442-448.
|Ling JKB (2010). Water quality study and its relationship with high tide and low tide at Kuantan river. Ph.D. Dissertation, University Malaysia Pahang, Pahang, Malaysia.|
|Lonergan S and Vansickle T (1991). Relationship between water quality and human health: A case study of the Linggi River basin in Malaysia. Social Science and Medicine, 33(8): 937-946.
|Mara DD and Cairncross S (1989). Guidelines for the safe use of wastewater and excreta in agriculture and aquaculture: Measures for public health protection. World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland.
|McCourt W (2008). Public management in developing countries: From downsizing to governance. Public Management Review, 10(4): 467–479.
|Muyibi SA, Ambali AR, and Eissa GS (2008). The impact of economic development on water pollution: Trends and policy actions in Malaysia. Water Resources Management, 22(4): 485-508.
|Qaiyum MS, Shaharudin MS, Syazwan AI, and Muhaimin A (2011). Health risk assessment after exposure to aluminum in drinking water between two different villages. Journal of Water Resource and Protection, 3(4): 268-274.
|Wahab MAA (2015). River pollution relationship to the national health indicated by under-five child mortality rate: A case study in Malaysia. Bioremediation Science and Technology Research, 3(1): 20-25.|
|Weng CN (2005). Sustainable management of rivers in Malaysia: Involving all stakeholders. International Journal of River Basin Management, 3(3): 147–162.
|Wichelman AF (1976). Administrative agency implementation of the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969: A conceptual framework for explaining differential response. Natural Resources Journal, 16: 263-300.|
|Zainudin Z (2010). Benchmarking river water quality in Malaysia. Jurutera: 12-15. Available online at: http://irep.iium.edu.my/2954/1/Feature-BenchmarkingRiverWater3pp.pdf|