International Journal of Advanced and Applied Sciences

Int. j. adv. appl. sci.

EISSN: 2313-3724

Print ISSN: 2313-626X

Volume 4, Issue 4  (April 2017), Pages:  33-42

Title: Comparison of delay factors and remedies’ rankings for building construction projects in developing countries

Author(s):  Raza Ali Khan 1, Uneb Gazder 2, *, Abdul Qayoom 3


1Department of Civil Engineering, NED University of Engineering and Technology, Karachi, Pakistan
2Department of Civil Engineering, University of Bahrain, Bahrain
3Department of Civil Engineering, Shaheed Z. A. Bhutto Campus, Mehran University of Engineering and Technology, Khairpur Mir’s, Pakistan

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In this research paper, the main causes and remedies to delays for building construction projects in Karachi are identified and ranked according to the viewpoint of all stakeholders using frequency indices. Furthermore, the ranking was tested statistically by using Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) and box plots. It was found that the perception of clients regarding causes of delays is different than other stakeholders. Whereas, consultant group’s perspective about the remedies for delays was different than all others. Such studies have also been conducted in other regions of the world. However, a comprehensive review and comparison was not found in the existing literature. Therefore, the results were also compared with previous international studies conducted in other developing countries. It was found that the perception of local client group was greatly different in from that for other regions. On the other hand, the perception of contractors was found to be similar for local and other construction industries. On the basis of this study, it can be said the client group’s perception is unique in Pakistan compared to other industry stakeholders, locally as well as internationally. 

© 2017 The Authors. Published by IASE.

This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (

Keywords: Delay, Remedies, Building projects, Stakeholder perception, Developing countries

Article History: Received 12 December 2016, Received in revised form 27 February 2017, Accepted 3 March 2017

Digital Object Identifier:


Khan RA, Gazder U, and Qayoom A (2017). Comparison of delay factors and remedies’ rankings for building construction projects in developing countries. International Journal of Advanced and Applied Sciences, 4(4): 33-42


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