International Journal of Advanced and Applied Sciences
Int. j. adv. appl. sci.
Print ISSN: 2313-626X
Volume 4, Issue 3 (March 2017), Pages: 13-18
Title: Scientific reasoning skills based on socio-scientific issues in the biology subject
Author(s): Muhamad Ikhwan Mat Saad 1, *, Sadiah Baharom 2, Siti Eshah Mokhsein 1
1Faculty of Education and Human Development, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Tanjung Malim, Perak, Malaysia
2Faculty of Science and Mathematics, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Tanjung Malim, Perak, Malaysia
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Learning strategies using Socio-Scientific Issues (SSI) are approaches that will meet the characteristics of 21st Century Skills (K-21) and upgrade the Higher Order Thinking Skills (HOTS). One of the reasons of the unfavorable TIMMS and PISA results in Malaysia because students’ incompetent to answer science reasoning question based on scientific issues that occur in their daily lives. SSI is a dimension that is used in the assessment of the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMMS) and Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) which consists of the issue of the environment, medicine, health and genetic engineering. The purpose of this study is to assess the scientific reasoning level of Form Four science students in the biology subject based on SSI. Quantitative approaches surveys have been used in this study. The SSI instruments used were adapted. Total of 450 Form Four science students are samples used in this study. Findings revealed the needs of students should be discovered to levels of SSI reasoning approach because the results have shown that students’ accomplishment are still low or medium level. In addition, students are incompetent to relate the concepts of science and socio-scientific issues. In conclusion, the potential of SSI approach introduced in the research and development process to enable students to master the concept of science, achieve the objectives of learning in the biology and upgrade the Higher Order Thinking. One of the implication of this research is to facilitate policy makers in implementing Biological Education Excellence in Malaysia through the development of model of Scientific Reasoning Skills.
© 2017 The Authors. Published by IASE.
This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).
Keywords: Socio-scientific issues, Reasoning skills, Higher order thinking skills
Article History: Received 6 November 2016, Received in revised form 7 January 2017, Accepted 8 January 2017
Digital Object Identifier:
Saad MIM, Baharom S, and Mokhsein SE (2017). Scientific reasoning skills based on socio-scientific issues in the biology subject. International Journal of Advanced and Applied Sciences, 4(3): 13-18
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