International Journal of Advanced and Applied Sciences

Int. j. adv. appl. sci.

EISSN: 2313-3724

Print ISSN: 2313-626X

Volume 4, Issue 3  (March 2017), Pages:  59-67

Title: Enhanced student soft skills through integrated online project based collaborative learning

Author(s):  Sharifah Nadiyah Razali 1,2,*, Helmi Adly Mohd Noor 3, Mohd Hafiez Ahmad 4, Faaizah Shahbodin 2,5


1System Support and Networking Department, Kolej Komuniti Selandar, Melaka, Malaysia
2Faculty of Information and Communication Technology, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia, Melaka, Malaysia
3Research and Innovation Section, Malaysian Institute of Industrial Technology, Universiti Kuala Lumpur, Universiti Kuala Lumpur, Johor, Malaysia
4Electrical Installation Department, Kolej Komuniti Bukit Beruang Melaka, Malaysia
5Centre of Technopreneurship Development, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia, Melaka, Malaysia

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This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of Online Project Based Collaborative Learning (OPBCL) model in enhancing students’ soft skills. This study involves qualitative and quantitative methods and using quasi-experimental designed which involves 106 respondents from Malaysian Polytechnic. Pre and post-test with non-equivalent control group design were used for this study. The respondents were divided into three groups called Control, Treatment I and Treatment II group where their soft skills are assessed for comparison between traditional project based learning method (Control), online project based learning using CIDOS platform (Treatment I) and online project based learning using OPBCL platform (Treatment II). In this study, OPBCL prototype was developed based on proposed model. The effectiveness of OPBCL prototype was assessed using Pre and post soft skills test (SST). All collected data were analysed using SPSS 19.0 software. Inferential analysis was intended to test the type of non-parametric such Kruskal Wallis, Mann Whitney and Wilcoxon Sign Rank Test. Findings from the pre and post soft skill indicated that all groups had positive effects on the soft skills of the students but in terms of the more successful group, the results showed that Treatment II is more success than Control group followed by Treatment I group. In addition, analysing the pre and post soft skills test of the critical thinking and problem solving (CTPS), collaboration (CS) and communication (CM) skills showed that for CTSP skill, Treatment II is more success than Control group followed by Treatment I group. Meanwhile for CL skill, there is no significant difference between Treatment I and Treatment II group. However, both treatment groups are more success than Control group. For CM skill, there is no significant difference between Control and Treatment II group. However, both Control and Treatment II groups are more success than Treatment I group. In conclusion, this study was able to provide evidence on students’ soft skills enhanced via OPBCL model. 

© 2017 The Authors. Published by IASE.

This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (

Keywords: Collaborative learning, Learning management system, Facebook, Project based learning

Article History: Received 4 November 2016, Received in revised form 16 January 2017, Accepted 18 January 2017

Digital Object Identifier:


Razali SN, Noor HAM, Ahmad MH, Shahbodi F (2017). Enhanced student soft skills through integrated online project based collaborative learning. International Journal of Advanced and Applied Sciences, 4(3): 59-67


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