International Journal of Advanced and Applied Sciences

Int. j. adv. appl. sci.

EISSN: 2313-3724

Print ISSN: 2313-626X

Volume 4, Issue 3  (March 2017), Pages:  141-147

Title: Using G-theory in the development of performance assessment of the socio-emotional domain of children

Author(s):  M.R. Nor Mashitah 1, 2, *, M.N. Mariani 1, Shahrir Jamaluddin 1, Mohd Nazri Abdul Rahman 1


1Department of Educational Psychology and Counseling, Faculty of Education, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
2Department of Early Childhood and Education, Faculty of Education and Human Development, Sultan Idris Education University, Perak, Malaysia

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Performance assessment socio-emotional domain, through the ability of children in the context of the performance criteria. This study, investigates potential applications of Generalizability theory (G-theory) in the development of such a performance-based assessment procedure. 77 kindergarten children were assessed as participants in this study. Firstly, analysis of variance showed that nested rater variance component in person and item (r:pi) component accounted for the highest percentage of the total variance, 0.24942; 42.2% and the smallest, variance of items 0.04232; 7.2%. Secondly, through analysis in G-study, 94% of the overall variance can be explained by the design. Next, based on optimization analysis in D-study that the overall absolute Coefficient G reading remains at 0.97, which was an acceptable value. Lastly, for reliability test from G-facets analysis, the overall cognitive domain reliability was recorded at 0.96 as the reliability of the 38 items was ranging to 0.96. This study base on Theory-G had an impact on minimizing the error of measurement and determining the appropriateness use of items in the administration of the assessment. 

© 2017 The Authors. Published by IASE.

This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (

Keywords: Socio-emotional domain performancebased assessment, G-Theory

Article History: Received 11 November 2016, Received in revised form 17 January 2017, Accepted 21 January 2017

Digital Object Identifier:


Mashitah MRN, Mariani MN, Jamaluddin S, and Rahman MNA (2017). Using G-theory in the development of performance assessment of the socio-emotional domain of children. International Journal of Advanced and Applied Sciences, 4(3): 141-147


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