International Journal of Advanced and Applied Sciences

Int. j. adv. appl. sci.

EISSN: 2313-3724

Print ISSN: 2313-626X

Volume 4, Issue 3  (March 2017), Pages:  148-153

Title: Understanding the content pedagogical knowledge among preschool teachers and application of developmentally appropriate practices in teaching

Author(s):  Jain Chee 1, *, M.N. Mariani 1, Abdul Jalil Othman 1, M.R. Nor Mashitah 1, 2


1Faculty of Education, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
2Department of Early Childhood and Education, Faculty of Education and Human Development, Sultan Idris Education University, Perak, Malaysia

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The aim of this study is to explore the understanding of the Content Knowledge (CK) and Pedagogical Knowledge (PK) in preschool teachers. CK and PK explored by research participants' understanding of CK and PK and how an understanding of the transformation of knowledge in the preparation and implementation of teaching by applying Developmentally Appropriate Practices (DAP) as proposed by the National Standard Preschool Curriculum (NSPC) of Malaysia. This study is a qualitative case study. Four preschool teachers were selected as research participants. Data were collected through interviews, observations and document analysis, which lasted for six months. Data was analyzed based on suggestions proposed by previous research. Validity and reliability based on triangulation method, pilot study, participant’s validation, Cohen Kappa Index Scale and the duration of the study. The findings showed that all research participants were less robust understanding of CK, but good understanding of the PK. Whereas, the application of DAP poorly implemented by the participants These studies raise awareness about the importance of continuous professional training for preschool teachers. 

© 2017 The Authors. Published by IASE.

This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (

Keywords: Content knowledge, Pedagogical knowledge, Developmentally appropriate practices, Preschool education

Article History: Received 9 November 2016, Received in revised form 19 January 2017, Accepted 20 January 2017

Digital Object Identifier:


Chee J, Mariani MN, Othman AJ, and Mashitah MRN (2017). Understanding the content pedagogical knowledge among preschool teachers and application of developmentally appropriate practices in teaching. International Journal of Advanced and Applied Sciences, 4(3): 148-153


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