International Journal of Advanced and Applied Sciences

Int. j. adv. appl. sci.

EISSN: 2313-3724

Print ISSN: 2313-626X

Volume 3, Issue 11  (November 2016), Pages:  93-98

Title: A review on factors contributing to declining trade union membership in Malaysia

Author(s):  Jaya Ganesan *


Faculty of Business, Multimedia University, Jalan Ayer Keroh Lama 75450, Malacca, Malaysia

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Trade union membership is a vital element in assessing the strength and status of a trade union. Its growth is attributed to the advancement in the National industrial relations system. Therefore, this focuses on identifying the factors that contributes the factors responsible for declining trade union membership. The respondents of this study are unionized employees representing five different sectors. The data is analyzed using multiple regression. The findings indicate that all the factors studied contribute to decline in trade union membership. This includes trade union internal factors, employer hostility and industrial relations climate. Thus, the actors of industrial relations system should pay attention in protecting the rights and welfare of the workers. 

© 2016 The Authors. Published by IASE.

This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (

Keywords: Trade union membership, Trade union internal factors, Employer hostility, Industrial relations climate

Article History: Received 5 July 2016, Received in revised form 22 October 2016, Accepted 13 November 2016

Digital Object Identifier:


Ganesan J (2016). A review on factors contributing to declining trade union membership in Malaysia. International Journal of Advanced and Applied Sciences, 3(11): 93-98


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