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EISSN: 2313-3724, Print ISSN: 2313-626X

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 Volume 10, Issue 6 (June 2023), Pages: 28-35


 Original Research Paper

Venous thromboembolism prophylaxis: Nurses' perceived knowledge and barriers


 Mohammed Qaydhi Alshammari 1, *, Romeo Jr. Mostoles 2, Jalal Alharbi 3


 1Trauma Center, King Khalid Hospital, Ministry of Health, Hail, Saudi Arabia
 2College of Nursing, University of Hail, Hail, Saudi Arabia
 3Nursing Department, College of Applied Medical Sciences, University of Hafar Albatin, Hafar Al-Batin, Saudi Arabia

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 * Corresponding Author. 

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Nurses, as primary healthcare providers who maintain regular patient contact, play a crucial role in preventing venous thromboembolism (VTE). This study aims to explore nurses' perceptions, knowledge, and barriers related to VTE prevention. A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among 263 staff nurses in governmental hospitals in the Hail region, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Data collection took place between January and May 2022. The majority of nurses considered VTE prevention to be an important issue (mean = 4.03±0.614) and perceived the current use of anticoagulant strategies as effective (mean = 2.91±1.16). However, nurses expressed some uncertainty regarding the safety of the current anticoagulant use (mean = 3.79±0.822) and felt that they underutilized available anticoagulant strategies (mean = 2.69±1.01). Generally, nurses demonstrated a good level of knowledge about VTE (83.2%). Gender was found to significantly influence knowledge (t = -2.841; p < 0.005), perception (t = -7.919; p < 0.000; mean = 3.85±0.707), and barriers (t = -4.661; p < 0.000). Regarding age, significant differences were observed in knowledge (F = 5.665; p < 0.004; mean = 15.87±4.39) and perception (F = 13.401; p < 0.000; mean = 4.16±0.782). No significant differences were found in educational attainment, work experience, and position concerning knowledge, perception, and barriers. The working area was found to have a significant impact on knowledge (F = 4.657; p < 0.000), perception (F = 4.347; p < 0.001), and barriers (F = 4.257; p < 0.001). By providing comprehensive and consistent patient education, nurses can play a critical role in minimizing morbidity and mortality rates associated with VTE, making VTE prevention a vital aspect of their responsibilities.

 © 2023 The Authors. Published by IASE.

 This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (

 Keywords: Barriers, Knowledge, Nurses, Perception, Venous thromboembolism

 Article History: Received 14 November 2022, Received in revised form 28 March 2023, Accepted 5 April 2023


No Acknowledgment.

 Compliance with ethical standards

 Conflict of interest: The author(s) declared no potential conflicts of interest with respect to the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article.


 Alshammari MQ, Mostoles RJ, and Alharbi J (2023). Venous thromboembolism prophylaxis: Nurses' perceived knowledge and barriers. International Journal of Advanced and Applied Sciences, 10(6): 28-35

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