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EISSN: 2313-3724, Print ISSN: 2313-626X

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 Volume 10, Issue 4 (April 2023), Pages: 197-206


 Original Research Paper

The prevalence of depression and generalized anxiety disorder among pregnant women in primary healthcare centers of Al Madinah Al Munawara City 2020-2021


 Wejdan Hassan Bagadood 1, *, May H. Bagadood 2


 1Family Medicine Program, Ministry of Health, Medina, Saudi Arabia
 2Faculty of Nursing, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia

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 * Corresponding Author. 

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Pregnancy and physiological and psychological variations can impact mental and emotional changes and thereby trigger depression and anxiety in expectant mothers. Being overly concerned about an individual’s financial, social, and health issues can promote depression and anxiety among pregnant women.  Managing those associated factors during and after pregnancy is crucial. Although several studies reported depression and anxiety disorder in pregnant women, there are limited studies available in Saudi Arabia. Thus, this study measured the prevalence of both depression and anxiety among pregnant women in Al-Madinah Al-Muawarah, Saudi Arabia. A total of 250 surveys were conducted from five primary care centers randomly. A simple stratified sampling technique was used. General Anxiety Disorder-7 (GAD-7) and Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) were used as research instruments for data collection. Of the seven items from GAD-7, the higher rate related to the response “not at all” for the following items; “Being so restless that it is hard to sit still” by 165 (66.5%) was obtained followed by “Becoming easily annoyed or irritated” 118 (47.2%). Similarly, from the nine items from the PHQ-9, the higher rate response was obtained with “not at all” for the following items; “Thoughts that you would be better off dead, or hurting yourself” by 243 (98.0%), followed the second-highest rate was obtained regarding “Several Days” for the following items; “Trouble falling or staying asleep, or sleeping too much” by 116 (46.8%). The current study is consistent with previous studies.

 © 2023 The Authors. Published by IASE.

 This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (

 Keywords: Pregnancy, Prevalence, Depression, Generalized anxiety disorder, Midwives

 Article History: Received 22 May 2022, Received in revised form 21 January 2023, Accepted 2 February 2023


No Acknowledgment.

 Compliance with ethical standards

 Ethical consideration

This study was approved by the Research Ethical Committee of the General Directorate of Health Affairs of Medina City. After that permission was sought from and granted by each primary health care provider to conduct the interviews. All the participants were informed of their rights to participate or otherwise, and their information was retained confidentially, and only use for this study, and anonymity was preserved.

 Conflict of interest: The author(s) declared no potential conflicts of interest with respect to the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article.


 Bagadood WH and Bagadood MH (2023). The prevalence of depression and generalized anxiety disorder among pregnant women in primary healthcare centers of Al Madinah Al Munawara City 2020-2021. International Journal of Advanced and Applied Sciences, 10(4): 197-206

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 Table 1 Table 2 Table 3 Table 4 Table 5 Table 6


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