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 Volume 10, Issue 4 (April 2023), Pages: 162-168


 Original Research Paper

Gaining distance learning effectiveness through mental health improvement during the COVID-19 pandemic: The role of patience


 A. Nazilah 1, Raja Zirwatul Aida Raja Ibrahim 1, *, Jumadil Saputra 1, Mazidah Dagang 1, Che Wan Ida Rahimah Che Wan Ibrahim 2, Norsuhaily Abu Bakar 3


 1Faculty of Business, Economic and Social Development, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, 21030 Kuala Nerus, Terengganu, Malaysia
 2Centre for Fundamental and Liberal Education, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, 21030 Kuala Nerus, Terengganu, Malaysia
 3Faculty of Applied Social Sciences, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin, Gong Badak, 21300 Kuala Terengganu, Malaysia

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 * Corresponding Author. 

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Nowadays, the COVID-19 pandemic has impacted communities' mental health worldwide. Therefore, studies on minimizing the pandemic's mental health impact are urgently needed. This study aimed to examine the role of patience on distance learners' mental health during the COVID-19 pandemic. A correlational study was conducted involving a total of 330 university students of distance learners, and they were selected using stratified random sampling. The Patience Scale (PS-11) was used to measure interpersonal patience, life hardships patience, and daily hassles patience. The Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scale (DASS-21) were used to measure mental health from the aspects of depression, anxiety, and stress. The data were analyzed using descriptive analysis and multiple regression. The study showed that life hardships and patience were predictors of reducing depression and anxiety. Besides that, life hardships patience and interpersonal patience were predictors of reducing stress, and the main contributing factor was life hardships patience. This study contributes to humanistic therapy theories and their practical implications. It also contributes to developing the national mental health policy strategy, Ministry of Health Malaysia, and Sustainable Development Goals 2030.

 © 2023 The Authors. Published by IASE.

 This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (

 Keywords: Distance learning, Mental health, Patience, COVID-19 pandemic

 Article History: Received 19 October 2022, Received in revised form 22 January 2023, Accepted 29 January 2023


No Acknowledgment.

 Compliance with ethical standards

 Conflict of interest: The author(s) declared no potential conflicts of interest with respect to the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article.


 Nazilah A, Ibrahim RZAR, Saputra J, Dagang M, Ibrahim CWIRCW, and Bakar NA (2023). Gaining distance learning effectiveness through mental health improvement during the COVID-19 pandemic: The role of patience. International Journal of Advanced and Applied Sciences, 10(4): 162-168

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