Volume 9, Issue 12 (December 2022), Pages: 85-88
Brucellosis trends in Majmaah city, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia: A trend of 5-year retrospective study (2016-2020)
Author(s): Raed Abdullah Alharbi *
Department of Public Health, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Majmaah University, Majmaah, Saudi Arabia
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* Corresponding Author.
Corresponding author's ORCID profile: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4683-1750
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Brucellosis, also called Malta fever, is a contagious disease caused by Brucella species and can affect one or more organs of the body. Globally, the number of brucellosis cases in the past five years (2016-2020) is 500,000 infections per year. However, in Saudi Arabia, infections of brucellosis are extremely low in the same past five years with a range of 4,167 infections per year. Therefore, the goal of conducting this cross-sectional study is to measure the prevalence and incidence rates of brucellosis in the past five years (2016-2020) in Majmaah city in Saudi Arabia and compare these rates with national rates of brucellosis in Saudi Arabia. Data of all patients of brucellosis in King Khaled hospital for the past five years (2016-2020) were collected from the hospital’s archives. Statistical analysis system software (SAS version 9.4) was used to clean, edit, and analyze these row data. As a result, incidence rates of brucellosis in Majmaah city in the last five years has been increased and decreased similarly in the line of Saudi Arabia. In 2016, in incidence rate was 78.27 and increased to 90.15 per 100,000 population in 2018. In 2020, that rate has decreased to 62.19 per 100,000 population. This cross-sectional study concluded that brucellosis infection rates among the population of Majmaah city are consistent with brucellosis infection rates in Saudi Arabia.
© 2022 The Authors. Published by IASE.
This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).
Keywords: Public health, Health informatics, Epidemiology, Brucellosis, Majmaah
Article History: Received 6 May 2022, Received in revised form 17 July 2022, Accepted 1 September 2022
The author would like to thank all the staff of King Khalid Hospital in Majmaah city for their cooperation.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest: The author(s) declared no potential conflicts of interest with respect to the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article.
Alharbi RA (2022). Brucellosis trends in Majmaah city, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia: A trend of 5-year retrospective study (2016-2020). International Journal of Advanced and Applied Sciences, 9(12): 85-88
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