International Journal of


EISSN: 2313-3724, Print ISSN: 2313-626X

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 Volume 8, Issue 12 (December 2021), Pages: 102-109


 Original Research Paper

 Title: Park visitation in the context of Khartoum town

 Author(s): Ahmed Osman Ibrahim 1, Mohamed Ahmed Said 1, 2, *, Yakubu Aminu Dodo 3, Faizah Mohammed Bashir 4, Umar Lawal Dano 5


 1Architectural Engineering Department, College of Engineering, University of Hail, Hail, Saudi Arabia
 2College of Architecture and Planning, Sudan University of Science and Technology, Khartoum, Sudan
 3Department of Architecture, Faculty of Engineering and Architecture, Istanbul Gelisim University, Istanbul, Turkey
 4Department of Interior Design, College of Engineering, University of Hail, Hail, Saudi Arabia
 5Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam, Saudi Arabia

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 * Corresponding Author. 

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Parks improve people's physical and mental well-being, strengthen communities, and make towns and neighborhoods more appealing places to live and work. Many reasons discourage frequent park visitations, such as poor park characteristics, poor management system, and the lack of programs to encourage park visitation. Participation in different outdoor activities has become a necessity for many people nowadays. However, many residents are not engaged in recreational activities in Khartoum, making parks an important element. Therefore, the study aimed at investigating parks characteristics and different patterns of users based on societal needs. The study concentrates on the residents' characteristics such as age, gender, income, education level; these characteristics are tested against park visitation patterns such as type of visitation, the best day for visitation, and visit frequency. A two hundred and fifty (250) participant questionnaire survey was carried out in Al Tifl Park to assess the park's visitation pattern based on the purposive sampling technique. The result shows that most of the visitation patterns were not frequent regardless of the visitors' characteristics. It proves that the visitation pattern was not based on the visitors' characteristics but rather on the park characteristics. The study recommends that the park's features be redesigned based on user affinity to improve visitation, visitor benefits, and income generation. 

 © 2021 The Authors. Published by IASE.

 This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (

 Keywords: Park, Frequent visitation, Visitors' characteristics

 Article History: Received 29 June 2021, Received in revised form 4 October 2021, Accepted 17 October 2021


No Acknowledgment.

 Compliance with ethical standards

 Conflict of interest: The author(s) declared no potential conflicts of interest with respect to the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article.


 Ibrahim AO, Said MA, and Dodo YA et al. (2021). Park visitation in the context of Khartoum town. International Journal of Advanced and Applied Sciences, 8(12): 102-109

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