International Journal of


EISSN: 2313-3724, Print ISSN: 2313-626X

Frequency: 12

line decor
line decor

 Volume 7, Issue 8 (August 2020), Pages: 117-124


 Original Research Paper

 Title: IoT based smart garden monitoring system using NodeMCU microcontroller

 Author(s): Mubashir Ali 1, *, Nosheen Kanwal 2, Aamir Hussain 3, Fouzia Samiullah 1, Aqsa Iftikhar 4, Mehreen Qamar 4


 1Department of Software Engineering, Lahore Garrison University, Lahore, Pakistan
 2Department of Computer Science, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, Pakistan
 3Department of Computer Science, Muhammad Nawaz Shareef University of Agriculture, Multan, Pakistan
 4Department of Computer Science, Lahore Garrison University, Lahore, Pakistan

  Full Text - PDF          XML

 * Corresponding Author. 

  Corresponding author's ORCID profile:

 Digital Object Identifier:


Technology brings a remarkable advancement in every field of life, whether its industry or agriculture. Our lives are essentially dependent on agricultural development. Researchers are working to integrate modern technologies in agriculture to develop new practices for the enhancement of healthy agriculture and production. Internet of things is a domain of computer science that provides mechanisms and techniques to interconnect a wide range of digital devices to automate the real-life systems. In big cities, peoples facing problems in their homegrown gardens regarding the maintenance and availability of proper gardeners. This research paper has proposed an IoT based approach for smart garden monitoring using NodeMCU microcontroller that helps the users in identifying current parameters of temperature, moisture, and humidity of their homegrown plants and gardens. A prototype has been implemented to show the real illustration of the proposed approach. An android mobile application has been developed to display the real-time profiles of environmental factors like temperature, moisture, and humidity. With the help of this system, users will be able to treat their gardens in a better way in terms of plant health and growth. This research work replaces the need for gardeners and issues faced during the maintenance of gardens in big cities. The purpose of this research is to introduce and prosper the IoT innovation towards smart cities in our society. 

 © 2020 The Authors. Published by IASE.

 This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (

 Keywords: Smart garden, NodeMCU, Internet of things (IoT), Sensors, Mobile computing

 Article History: Received 18 January 2020, Received in revised form 2 May 2020, Accepted 6 May 2020


We would like to thank the journal editor, area editor, and anonymous reviewers for their valuable comments and suggestions to help and improve our research paper.

 Compliance with ethical standards

 Conflict of interest: The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


 Ali M, Kanwal N, and Hussain A et al. (2020). IoT based smart garden monitoring system using NodeMCU microcontroller. International Journal of Advanced and Applied Sciences, 7(8): 117-124

 Permanent Link to this page


 Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3 Fig. 4 Fig. 5 Fig. 6 Fig. 7 Fig. 8 Fig. 9 Fig. 10 Fig. 11 Fig. 12 Fig. 13 Fig. 14


 No Table


 References (25)

  1. Albishi S, Soh B, Ullah A, and Algarni F (2017). Challenges and solutions for applications and technologies in the internet of things. Procedia Computer Science, 124: 608-614.   [Google Scholar]
  2. Ali M and Paracha MK (2020). An IoT based approach for monitoring solar power consumption with adafruit cloud. International Journal of Engineering Applied Sciences and Technology, 4(9): 335-341.   [Google Scholar]
  3. Atlam HF, Alenezi A, Alharthi A, Walters RJ, and Wills GB (2017). Integration of cloud computing with internet of things: Challenges and open issues. In the IEEE International Conference on Internet of Things and IEEE Green Computing and Communications and IEEE Cyber, Physical and Social Computing and IEEE Smart Data, IEEE, Exeter, UK: 670-675.   [Google Scholar]
  4. Biswal EV, Singh EHM, Jeberson W, and Dhar EAS (2015). Greeves: A smart houseplant watering and monitoring system. International Journal of Science, Engineering and Technology Research, 4(7): 2499-2507.   [Google Scholar]
  5. Dorsemaine B, Gaulier JP, Wary JP, Kheir N, and Urien P (2015). Internet of things: A definition and taxonomy. In the 9th International Conference on Next Generation Mobile Applications, Services and Technologies, IEEE, Cambridge, UK: 72-77.   [Google Scholar]
  6. Guinard D, Trifa V, Mattern F, and Wilde E (2011). From the internet of things to the web of things: Resource-oriented architecture and best practices. In: Uckelmann D, Harrison M, and Michahelles F (Eds.) Architecting the Internet of Things: 97-129. Springer, Berlin, Germany.   [Google Scholar]
  7. Ishak SN, Malik NA, Latiff NA, Ghazali NE, and Baharudin MA (2017). Smart home garden irrigation system using raspberry Pi. In the IEEE 13th Malaysia International Conference on Communications, IEEE, Johor Bahru, Malaysia: 101-106.   [Google Scholar]
  8. Kasiviswanathan S and Ramalingam D (2020). Development and application of user review quality model for embedded system. Microprocessors and Microsystems, 74: 103029.   [Google Scholar]
  9. Kavitha BC, Vallikannu R, and Sankaran KS (2020). Delay-aware concurrent data management method for IoT collaborative mobile edge computing environment. Microprocessors and Microsystems, 74: 103021.   [Google Scholar]
  10. Khan IA and Khan MS (2018). Planning for sustainable agriculture in Pakistan. In: Khan IA and Khan MS (Eds.), Developing Sustainable Agriculture in Pakistan: 1–29. CRC Press, Boca Raton, USA.   [Google Scholar]
  11. Khan MA and Salah K (2018). IoT security: Review, blockchain solutions, and open challenges. Future Generation Computer Systems, 82: 395-411.   [Google Scholar]
  12. Kumar SA, Vealey T, and Srivastava H (2016). Security in internet of things: Challenges, solutions and future directions. In the 49th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, IEEE, Koloa, USA: 5772-5781.   [Google Scholar]
  13. Mahalank SN, Malagund KB, and Banakar RM (2016). Nonfunctional requirement analysis in IoT based smart traffic management system. In the International Conference on Computing Communication Control and Automation, IEEE, Pune, India: 1-6.   [Google Scholar]
  14. Na A, Isaac W, Varshney S, and Khan E (2016). An IoT based system for remote monitoring of soil characteristics. In the International Conference on Information Technology (InCITe)-The Next Generation IT Summit on the Theme-Internet of Things: Connect your Worlds, IEEE, Noida, India: 316-320.   [Google Scholar]
  15. Nguyen DT, Song C, Qian Z, Krishnamurthy SV, Colbert EJ, and McDaniel P (2018). IoTSan: Fortifying the safety of IoT systems. In the 14th International Conference on emerging Networking EXperiments and Technologies, Heraklion, Greece: 191-203.   [Google Scholar]
  16. NodeMcu (2019). NodeMcu connect things easy: An open-source firmware based on ESP8266 and development kit that helps you to prototype your IoT product within a few Lua script lines. Available online at:
  17. Paracha MK, Ali M, Mehmood A, and Qamar M (2020). IoT based approach for assembly modeling system with adafruit cloud. International Journal of Multidisciplinary Sciences and Engineering, 11: 5–12.   [Google Scholar]
  18. Porras J, Khakurel J, Knutas A, and Pänkäläinen J (2018). Security challenges and solutions in the internet of things. Nordic and Baltic Journal of Information and Communications Technologies, 2018(1): 177-206.   [Google Scholar]
  19. Sachdeva V and Chung L (2017). Handling non-functional requirements for big data and IoT projects in Scrum. In the 7th International Conference on Cloud Computing, Data Science and Engineering Confluence, IEEE, Noida, India: 216-221.   [Google Scholar]
  20. Suma N, Samson SR, Saranya S, Shanmugapriya G, and Subhashri R (2017). IoT based smart agriculture monitoring system. International Journal on Recent and Innovation Trends in Computing and Communication, 5(2): 177-181.   [Google Scholar]
  21. Thamaraimanalan T, Vivekk SP, Satheeshkumar G, and Saravanan P (2018). Smart garden monitoring system using IoT. Asian Journal of Applied Science and Technology, 2(2): 186-192.   [Google Scholar]
  22. Trotta D and Garengo P (2018). Industry 4.0 key research topics: A bibliometric review. In the 7th International Conference on Industrial Technology and Management, IEEE, Oxford, UK: 113-117.   [Google Scholar]
  23. Yeo KS, Chian MC, and Ng TCW (2014). Internet of things: Trends, challenges and applications. In the International Symposium on Integrated Circuits, IEEE, Singapore, Singapore: 568-571.   [Google Scholar]
  24. Zhou J, Cao Z, Dong X, and Vasilakos AV (2017). Security and privacy for cloud-based IoT: Challenges. IEEE Communications Magazine, 55(1): 26-33.   [Google Scholar]
  25. Zhou K, Liu T, and Zhou L (2015). Industry 4.0: Towards future industrial opportunities and challenges. In the 12th International Conference on Fuzzy Systems and Knowledge Discovery, IEEE, Zhangjiajie, China: 2147-2152.   [Google Scholar]