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 Volume 7, Issue 6 (June 2020), Pages: 57-68


 Original Research Paper

 Title: BYOD implementation model in Malaysian schools: The perception and readiness of parents, schools, and teachers

 Author(s): Zulaiha Ali Othman 1, *, Meor Mohd Shahrulnizam Meor Sepli 1, Umi Asma’ Mokhtar 2, Yusri Hakim bin Yeop 3


 1Center for Artificial Intelligence Technology, Faculty of Information Science and Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia
 2Center for Cyber Security, Faculty of Information Science and Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia
 3Information Management, Federal Court of Malaysia, Istana Kehakiman, Precint 3, Putrajaya, Malaysia

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 * Corresponding Author. 

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The proliferation of digital technologies has brought upon new possibilities in revolutionizing education. Learning is no longer constrained to face-to-face interaction, but it is opened up to a whole new dynamic of interactive online classrooms. Correspondingly, the Ministry of Education Malaysia (MOE) has embarked on the 21st Century Learning, which focuses on technology as an enabler. As such, Bring Your Own Device (BYOD) implementation can be seen as an effective cost mitigation strategy to lessen the government's burden on providing the optimal 21st century pedagogical ecosystem. The previous studies found six important factors of BYOD’s implementation, which are infrastructure, safety, knowledge, community, health, and culture. Malaysia is also aiming towards BYOD’s implementation; however, the policy is only focused on four factors, namely knowledge, community, infrastructure, and security, with limited descriptions of each factor. Therefore, this paper aims to discuss all the identified factors and propose a model to implement the BYOD implementation at school. This is a two-pronged study in which an optimal BYOD implementation model is proposed and subsequently, a quantitative analysis on the perception and readiness of schools, teachers and parents towards BYOD is discussed. Due to the disruptive nature of BYOD, the majority means of parents’ responses lean more towards the negative spectrum of the Likert scale. Hence, several proactive recommendations are suggested to ensure BYOD a fruitful pursuit. 

 © 2020 The Authors. Published by IASE.

 This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (

 Keywords: Bring your own device, Cybersecurity awareness, Cybersecurity education, School cybersecurity policy, 21st century learning

 Article History: Received 1 November 2019, Received in revised form 10 March 2020, Accepted 12 March 2020


This study is partly output of the DCP-2017-015/4 project and funded as well by the PP-FTSM-2019 grant, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia.

 Compliance with ethical standards

 Conflict of interest: The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


 Othman ZA, Sepli MMSM, and Mokhtar U et al. (2020). BYOD implementation model in Malaysian schools: The perception and readiness of parents, schools, and teachers. International Journal of Advanced and Applied Sciences, 7(6): 57-68

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