International Journal of


EISSN: 2313-3724, Print ISSN: 2313-626X

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 Volume 7, Issue 11 (November 2020), Pages: 110-118


 Original Research Paper

 Title: Traditional medicines from marine resources: Understanding the consumer’s knowledge and perceptions

 Author(s): Hayatul Safrah Salleh 1, 2, *, Wan Norhayati Mohamed 1, Nik Hazimah Nik Mat 1, Yusnita Yusof 1, Nurul Syamimi Samsuddin 1, Nurhanani Razali 3, Wan Izatul Asma Wan Talaat 2


 1Faculty of Business, Economics and Social Development, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, Kuala Terengganu, Malaysia
 2Institute of Oceanography and Environment, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, Kuala Terengganu, Malaysia
 3Naturalife Marketing Sdn. Bhd., Terengganu, Malaysia

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 * Corresponding Author. 

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Traditional medicine is an alternative medicine adopted by local communities using natural resources from plants and animals. This study aims to explore consumers’ knowledge and perceptions of the use of marine resources as traditional medicinal properties. The qualitative method of utilizing an in-depth face-to-face interview was used to gather the data from the respondents. The sample comprises communities from the East Coast of Peninsular Malaysia, including traditional practitioners, fishermen, villagers, and members of the public. Twenty-four marine resources have been identified as being used as traditional medicines, and most of the identified resources are effective in treating illnesses. The highest frequencies mentioned are seahorses that have been used as a traditional medicine to cure asthma. The knowledge and belief in the benefits of using marine resources as traditional medicine have been passed down from generation to generation, especially from older generations and traditional healers. These have contributed to the positive perception towards marine resources as a traditional medicine to cure illnesses, enhancement of sustainable livelihood, good health, and well-being among users. The results of this study are valuable and useful in developing more marine-based alternative medicines by using the scientific investigation to overcome health problems among Malaysians and also expected to help the government in documenting marine resources that can be used to treat illnesses. Since this study is limited only to the coastal areas in the East Coast of Peninsular Malaysia, future research should focus on other coastal areas of Malaysia for the purpose of discovering other potential marine resources being used as Traditional medicines. Furthermore, future research should also expand into quantitative research that might focus on a larger and wider population of traditional medicine users or potential customers. 

 © 2020 The Authors. Published by IASE.

 This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (

 Keywords: Knowledge, Marine resources, Perception, Traditional medicine

 Article History: Received 10 April 2020, Received in revised form 7 July 2020, Accepted 8 July 2020


This research was funded by the Trans-Disciplinary Research Grant Scheme (TRGS) Vote No. 59421 from the Ministry of Higher Education, Malaysia, and partially supported by the Institute of Oceanography and Environment (INOS) HICoE, Grant Vot. 66928.

 Compliance with ethical standards

 Conflict of interest: The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


  Salleh HS, Mohamed WN, and Mat NHN et al. (2020). Traditional medicines from marine resources: Understanding the consumer’s knowledge and perceptions. International Journal of Advanced and Applied Sciences, 7(11): 110-118

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 Table 1 Table 2


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