International Journal of


EISSN: 2313-3724, Print ISSN: 2313-626X

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 Volume 7, Issue 11 (November 2020), Pages: 25-36


 Original Research Paper

 Title: Evaluation of the residents’ satisfaction with high rise housing in new Eskan/Erbil–Iraq as a gated community

 Author(s): Zhyar Abdalla Hussein 1, Kozan Uzunoğlu 2, *


 1Faculty of Engineering, Tishk International University, Erbil, Iraq
 2Faculty of Engineering and Architecture, Bahçeşehir Cyprus University, Nicosia, Cyprus

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 * Corresponding Author. 

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High rise apartment blocks are the appropriate solution found in many countries in the world to solve the problem of lack of residential space, after the large increase in the population on earth. After the fall of the Baath party in 2003, a large number of high rise apartments were also built in Northern Iraq. The main objective of this research is to examine the user’s satisfaction in housing settlements via POE (Post Occupation Evaluation) approach in Northern Iraq/Erbil. For this study, the New Eskan housing settlement in Erbil was selected as a case study. The primary source of data for this study was collected through a questionnaire. Fifty residents of New Eskan volunteered for the questionnaire survey; they were asked about their needs and problems, and the data collected were statistically analyzed. The questionnaire is structured on the physical, spatial, and functional properties of the building system. According to the participants' answers, some problems were also identified as environmentally, socially, and economically. Indoor and outdoor space standards were evaluated. As a result of this study, "safety and security" has been found to be the main reason for life preference in the gated community of New Eskan settlement. In addition, the users identified a lack of sufficient green areas and common areas as the main deficiency. Respondents’ satisfaction on physical, spatial, and functional features of flats and near environment showed variations depending on the flats’ orientation and respondents’ education level. Short term, medium-term, and long term recommendations for better living in New Eskan settlement have been put forward. 

 © 2020 The Authors. Published by IASE.

 This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (

 Keywords: POE (Post-occupation evaluation), Gated–community, Housing standards, Housing in North Iraq

 Article History: Received 23 February 2020, Received in revised form 12 June 2020, Accepted 27 June 2020


No Acknowledgment.

 Compliance with ethical standards

 Conflict of interest: The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


 Hussein ZA and Uzunoğlu K (2020). Evaluation of the residents’ satisfaction with high rise housing in new Eskan/Erbil–Iraq as a gated community. International Journal of Advanced and Applied Sciences, 7(11): 25-36

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