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 Volume 6, Issue 8 (August 2019), Pages: 1-8


 Original Research Paper

 Title: The urban heat island in a coastal Mediterranean city: The case study of Kyrenia, Cyprus

 Author(s): Mehmet Atak 1, *, Can Kara 2, Buket Asilsoy 3, Özge Özden 3


 1Department of Parks and Urban Spaces, Kyrenia Municipality, Kyrenia, North Cyprus
 2Department of Architecture, Faculty of Architecture, Near East University, Nicosia, North Cyprus
 3Department of Landscape Architecture, Faculty of Architecture, Near East University, Nicosia, North Cyprus

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 * Corresponding Author. 

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As a result of rapid urbanization worldwide, the vegetation areas, grasslands, and forests were replaced with construction and buildings. It is known that roads, pavements, concrete surfaces and walls all absorb sunlight during daytime and reflect heat as heat waves at night. It is clear that green areas have a significant role in urban life. Most of the research conducted in this field has shown that green areas mitigate the urban heat island, improve air quality, decrease noise and manage stormwater within the cities. Green spaces, green roofs, green walls, street trees, and water sources all have a positive impact on urban temperatures. Unfortunately, due to the rapid expansion in urbanization activities in Kyrenia, northern Cyprus, urban green spaces are decreasing at an alarming rate. Therefore, two different experimental works have been applied within the region; the first of these studies has been conducted on Ziya Rızkı Avenue. In this first study, temperature differences of shading with and without trees were measured. Additionally, the second study focused on the temperature differences between urban and rural areas. In the second research, urban and rural spaces were measured concurrently over a period of one month. It was proved by both studies that green spaces mitigate urban temperatures. Therefore, research results should be taken into consideration and architects, urban designers and planners should pay attention to green areas, street trees, parks, green roofs, and vertical green system establishments. 

 © 2019 The Authors. Published by IASE.

 This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (

 Keywords: Urban heat island, Green areas, Anthropogenic heat, Urbanization, Kyrenia, Northern Cyprus

 Article History: Received 8 February 2019, Received in revised form 21 May 2019, Accepted 30 May 2019


No Acknowledgement.

 Compliance with ethical standards

 Conflict of interest:  The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


 Atak M, Kara C, and Asilsoy B et al. (2019). The urban heat island in a coastal Mediterranean city: The case study of Kyrenia, Cyprus. International Journal of Advanced and Applied Sciences, 6(8): 1-8

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