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 Volume 6, Issue 6 (June 2019), Pages: 70-77


 Original Research Paper

 Title: Economic damages of rice crop due to flood 2010 and its mitigations in Larkana division using geo-spatial tools

 Author(s): Aftab Ahmed 1, *, Muhammad Arfan 1, Hafiz Usama Imad 2, Ashfaque Ahmed Pathan 3, Arif Asghar 4, Muhammad Halar Zaman 1


 1United States Pakistan Centre for Advanced Studies in Water, Mehran University of Engineering and Technology, Jamshoro, Sindh, Pakistan
 2Department of Civil Engineering, ISRA University, Hyderabad, Sindh, Pakistan
 3Department of Civil Engineering, Mehran University of Engineering and Technology, Jamshoro, Sindh, Pakistan
 4Department of Civil Engineering, Quaid-E-Awam University of Engineering, Science and Technology, Nawabshah, Sindh, Pakistan

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 * Corresponding Author. 

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This study was conducted to assess the crop damages due to flood and to develop flood risk maps in order to mitigate its future damages. For that purpose, field and satellite data was used to assess economic damages of Rice crop, prepare flood risk maps and to delineate possible flow paths for safe disposal of flood runoff in case of any future breach on the right side of the Indus river. For the current study, Landsat data for the years 2009 and 2011 along with ASTER Digital Elevation Model (DEM) were analyzed with ArcGIS 10.3, and ERDAS IMAGINE. The results of the study showed that about 247973.024 tons rice of worth 11.425 billion Pakistani rupees was damaged due to flood 2010 in Larkana Division. Moreover, the created flood risk map showed that most of the area of Larkana and Qamber-Shahdadkot has low elevation. Therefore, the risk of floods to these areas is high, while the Kashmore-Kandhkot district has a comparatively high altitude. Thus, the risk of flood is low in that district. The most prolonged flood flow path delineated from DEM using geospatial tools shows that the flow path starts from the southern part of Kashmore-Kandhkot, and then it enters Shikarpur and eventually disposes-off into Hamal Lake in Qamber-Shahdadkot which could be used for safe disposal in future flood scenarios to moderate the flood damages. 

 © 2019 The Authors. Published by IASE.

 This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (

 Keywords: Feasible flow path, Flood risk mapping, Crop damages, GIS and remote sensing data

 Article History: Received 17 December 2018, Received in revised form 20 March 2019, Accepted 10 April 2019


We would like to thank the U.S-Pakistan Center for Advanced Studies in Water (US-PCASW), Mehran University of Engineering and Technology (MUET), Jamshoro Sindh, Pakistan for support and providing a platform for conducting this research. We would also like to thank NASA and Sindh irrigation department for providing helpful data. Efforts of Engr. Muhammad Akram Akhund and Dr. Rick Berite are also acknowledged who helped to improve quality of this manuscript.

 Compliance with ethical standards

 Conflict of interest:  The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


 Ahmed A, Arfan M, and Imad HU et al. (2019). Economic damages of rice crop due to flood 2010 and its mitigations in Larkana division using geo-spatial tools. International Journal of Advanced and Applied Sciences, 6(6): 70-77

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