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 Volume 6, Issue 3 (March 2019), Pages: 72-78


 Original Research Paper

 Title: Prediction of depression among undergraduate nursing students in North-Western Saudi Arabia: A quantitative cross-sectional study

 Author(s): Salman H. Alsaqri 1, *, Bander Saad Albagawi 1, Mohammed K. Aldalaykeh 2, Mohannad J. Alkuwaisi 3


 1Medical Surgical Department, College of Nursing, University of Hail, Hail, Saudi Arabia
 2Community and Mental Health Nursing Department, College of Nursing, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan
 3Nursing Department, College of Medicine, University Sultan Zainal Abidin, Terengganu, Malaysia

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 * Corresponding Author. 

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The objective of this study is to identify predictors (self-esteem, and demographic characteristics) that correspond to decrease depression level among Saudi nursing students. Participants included 152 nursing students who completed the center for epidemiology studies depression scale, the Rosenberg self-esteem scale, and the multidimensional scale of perceived social support. Data were subjected to a t-test, analysis of variance, and regression analysis. Results showed that Saudi nursing students are moderately depressed. Regression analysis indicated that a significant portion of the variance in the level of depression among nursing students was attributed to self-esteem and interest in the field of nursing. Presence of self-esteem was the best predictor of a decreased level of depression. These factors should be considered when designing strategies personalized to nursing students’ problems and needs, which thus may inhibit depressive symptoms. So, Nursing educators can plan suitable strategies personalized to nursing students’ problems and needs, which thus may simplify learning experience and inhibit depressive symptoms. 

 © 2019 The Authors. Published by IASE.

 This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (

 Keywords: Nursing students, Depression, Self-esteem, Hail, Nursing education

 Article History: Received 27 October 2018, Received in revised form 17 January 2019, Accepted 21 January 2019


We thank our colleagues Mr. Reinhard Roland Ebol who provided insight and expertise that greatly assisted the research. 

 Compliance with ethical standards

 Conflict of interest:  The authors declare no personal or financial conflict of interest.

 Ethical approval 

The study was approved by the Director of Institute and the Nursing Department Ethical Committee. Students who agreed to participate were informed about the purpose of the study and that their participation is voluntary and the data will be treated with confidentiality.


 Alsaqri SH, Albagawi BS, and Aldalaykeh MK et al. (2019). Prediction of depression among undergraduate nursing students in North-Western Saudi Arabia: A quantitative cross-sectional study. International Journal of Advanced and Applied Sciences, 6(3): 72-78

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