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 Volume 6, Issue 11 (November 2019), Pages: 92-101


 Original Research Paper

 Title: Ethnicity at workplace: Value and culture of Malaysian Malay tradition in organization

 Author(s): Azlina Abdullah 1, *, Nor Azlili Hassan 2, Novel Lyndon 1, Nur Hafizah Yusoff 1, Ummi Munirah Syuhada Muhamad Zan 3


 1Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, National University of Malaysia, Bangi, Malaysia
 2Faculty of Creative Industries, Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman, Bangi, Malaysia
 3Faculty of Management and Muamalah, International Islamic University College Selangor, Kajang, Malaysia

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 * Corresponding Author. 

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Organizations are built from the essence of many cultures, divisions, professions, functions and roles, employees, management and hierarchy. Collective activities within the organization function continuously with the division of work and the hierarchy of authority to achieve the goals set by the organization. Culture is a mode of thinking, values, and attitudes including the beliefs, traditions and behaviors of human beings that learned and inherited from one generation to another. Cultural sociologists examine the meaning-making process, the reasons behind the meanings, the effects on human action, and the importance of meaning in generating unity and conflict. Today, Malays in Malaysia have shown tremendous changes in economic, political and social aspects. This situation can be seen in the rural and farming communities as well as modern societies in the cities that are actively involved in modern economic sectors including services and businesses, and the communities have even formed a Malaysian middle class society. Historically, the founding of the Malay community in Malaysia began from the village, hence the combination of both custom and culture being built in the village. The value and culture of the Malays are said to be attributed to the view of the Islamic world which is 'Islam as a way of life'. Religion, culture and social bonds are embedded in the lives of the Malays. A study conducted among 265 Malay workers in the national automotive industrial organization indicated that there was a positive finding between the traditional culture and the official culture of the workplace. Malay values and norms are brought to the workplace and have affected the routines at the workplace as well. Hence, in the context of organization and occupation, employers cannot separate the workers from their labor capacity because employees are the people who are living with the society, and they are shaped and seen through the society. Various socially constructed elements including the perceptions, and may affect the interaction among the employees, employers, leaders, and success of an organization. 

 © 2019 The Authors. Published by IASE.

 This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (

 Keywords: Culture, Malaysia, Malay, Sociology, Workplace

 Article History: Received 2 May 2019, Received in revised form 5 September 2019, Accepted 8 September 2019


It is appreciated and thankful to the SK-2017-002 Research Grant, led by Professor Dr Fuad Mat Jali, and RCRP-2016-006 Research Grant led by Dr. Azlina Abdullah, Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia for the financial support given to the high impact of publication project. Thank you to the Center for Research and Instrumentation Management, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia for their continued support in conducting research and publications.

 Compliance with ethical standards

 Conflict of interest:  The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


 Abdullah A, Hassan NA, and Lyndon N et al. (2019). Ethnicity at workplace: Value and culture of Malaysian Malay tradition in organization. International Journal of Advanced and Applied Sciences, 6(11): 92-101

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