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EISSN: 2313-3724, Print ISSN:2313-626X

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 Volume 6, Issue 11 (November 2019), Pages: 21-29


 Original Research Paper

 Title: The effectiveness of health education and lifestyle program in improving the blood pressure in hypertensive patients

 Author(s): Paulo Carl G. Mejia 1, 2, *, Evelyn E. Feliciano 3, Alfredo Z. Feliciano 4, Jonaid M. Sadang 5, Hamdoni K. Pangandaman 5, Laurence L. Garcia 6, Mohammed Chyad Al-Noaemi 1, Ibrahim Mbarak Abdelhafiz 1, Benjamin L. Breboneria 7, Jehan Y. ElRazkey 3, 8, Abdulrahman Albougami 3, Josephine D. Lorica 9


 1Department of Nursing, Al Ghad International College of Applied Medical Sciences, Najran, Saudi Arabia
 2College of Nursing, Christian University of Thailand, Nakhon Pathom, Thailand
 3Department of Nursing, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Majmaah University, Al Majmaah, Saudi Arabia
 4College of Nursing, Angeles University Foundation, Angeles City, Pampanga, Philippines
 5College of Health Sciences, Mindanao State University, Marawi, Lanao del Sur, Philippines
 6Center of Research and Development, Cebu Normal University, Cebu, Philippines
 7Department of Nursing, College of Applied Medical Sciences, King Faisal University, Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia
 8Department of Medical-Surgical Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt
 9College of Nursing and Graduate School, St. Paul University Philippines, Tuguegarao, Philippines

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 * Corresponding Author. 

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Risk factors for hypertension are becoming increasingly prevalent. Currently, there is no standardized community-based program for hypertension widely implemented in the Philippines. Health Education and Lifestyle Program for Hypertension is a ten-week health education program that aims to improve the blood pressure in hypertensive patients. This community-based intervention discusses five key health strategies like hypertension awareness, medication regimen, dietary regimen, healthy lifestyles, and stress management. This quasi-experimental study includes 128 hypertensive patients (64 in control and 64 in intervention groups). It utilized IBM SPSS 5.0 to statistically compute for mean, standard deviation, t-test independent samples and t-test paired sample. The study findings revealed that the post-systolic and diastolic blood pressure of the intervention group were 124.67 and 82.00 mmHg, respectively. Paired t-test yielded a significant difference in pre- and post-systolic (t=5.28, p=<.001) and pre- and post-diastolic (t=3.59, p=0.003) BP of the intervention group before and after the Health Education and Lifestyle Program. Lastly, t-test for independent samples revealed a statistically significant difference (t=2.32, p=0.028) in the post-diastolic blood pressure readings of control and intervention groups after the implementation of the program. The study implied that program for hypertension was effective in improving blood pressure in hypertensive patients. Thus, compliance with the medication regimen, dietary regimen, healthy lifestyles, and stress reduction strategies can help control blood pressure among hypertensive patients. A health education program that provides emphasis on patient’s health and lifestyle behavior teaching is a successful intervention in reducing the blood pressure in hypertensive individuals. 

 © 2019 The Authors. Published by IASE.

 This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (

 Keywords: Community health nursing, Health education, High blood pressure

 Article History: Received 30 May 2019, Received in revised form 25 August 2019, Accepted 27 August 2019


The proponents would like to acknowledge the hypertensive patients from Plaridel, Bulacan who took voluntary participation in this study.

 Compliance with ethical standards

 Conflict of interest:  The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


 Mejia PCG, Feliciano EE, and Feliciano AZ et al. (2019). The effectiveness of health education and lifestyle program in improving the blood pressure in hypertensive patients. International Journal of Advanced and Applied Sciences, 6(11): 21-29

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